New Delhi / Shardiya Navratri: Know about nine forms of Maa Durga and her mantras

NavBharat Times : Sep 29, 2019, 06:10 AM

The ancient Indian contemplation tradition considers the worship of Mother Durga as the goddess of strength, and the law of worship, prayer and eulogy of its various forms. Navratri is organized here twice a year to worship the nine different forms of Maa Durga. 

Navratri is held twice. When Chaitra Pratipada starts at the beginning of the first Navasamsatara, then Chaitra Navratri is organized and Chaitra Navratri is performed as Ramnavami after the worship of Goddess Durga's Navarforms for the entire nine days. Similarly, Sharadiya Navratri is organized for the second time in the year in the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin. In these Navratras also, special prayers and prayers are performed to the Navasopras of Maa Durga and after nine days, the Sharadiya Navratras are completed one day before Vijayadashami. In both Navratri, Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri, Siddhidatri forms are worshiped and worshiped in the mother Durga. This time the Sharadiya Navratri will start on Sunday, September 29, and end on October 7.

The first form of Maa Durga,  'Shailputri'

September 29 is the first day of Navratri and on this day, after the Ghatasthapana, Shailputri, the first form of Maa Durga, is worshiped, prayed and performed. Shail means Himalaya and Mountaineer Himalayas are called here because they are called Shailputri. She is also known as Parvati as consort of Lord Shankar. Vrishabha (bull) is also known as Vrishabharudha because of their vehicle. He has a trident in his right hand and he holds a lotus in his left hand. Mother Shailputri is worshiped and Stavan is performed with the following mantra.

Vande WantedLabhay, Chandrardhikritashekharam.

Vrisharuandha Shuldharan, Shailputri Yashasvinam ‌

That is, for the desired benefit, I worship the celibate on my forehead, riding on a tree, Shuldharini and Yashaswini Maa Shailputri.

The Second form of Mother Durga is 'Brahmacharini'

On the second day of Navratri, there is a law to worship the 'Goddess Brahmacharini' form of Mother Durga. Maa Brahmacharini has a garland in her right hand and a kamandal in her left hand. It is mentioned in the scriptures that Maa Durga was born as Parvati to the daughter of Parvataraja and did hard penance to get Lord Mahadev as her husband in her life at the behest of Maharishi Narada. Due to his hard penance for thousands of years, he got the name Tapashcharini or Brahmacharini. During this period of his penance, he delighted Mahadev by remaining unharmed for many years and with very difficult penance. This form of worship and eulogy is performed on the second Navratra.

Mother Brahmacharini is worshiped through the following mantra-

Dadhana Karapadmabhyam, Akshamalaakamandalu.

Goddess Prasidatu Mayi, Brahmacharinanyuttama.

(That is, one who has Akshamala in one hand and a lotus in the other hand, please Goddess Durga, such a great Brahmacharini Rupa.)

The Third form of Maa Durga Maa Chandraghanta

On the third day of Navratri, the third form of Durga is worshiped, worshiped and worshiped by Chandraghanta Devi. On the forehead of these Goddess, there is an hour-sized half-moon sitting on it, hence she was named Chandraghanta. Ten hands of this goddess are considered and these khadgas etc. are equipped with various weapons and weapons. It is believed that worshiping this form of Goddess brings supernatural peace to the mind and this leads to ultimate well-being not only in this world but also in the hereafter.

The following mantra has been said to worship them.

Pindajapravarrudha, Chandakopastrakarayuta.

Prasadam Tanute Mahyam, Chandraghante Vishruta.

(That is, Goddess Chandraghanta, riding on the superior lion and armed with Chandkadi weapons, please me.)

The fourth form of Mother Durga is 'Kushmanda'

Mother Kushmanda is worshiped and worshiped on the fourth day of Navratri on the fourth form of Durga. It is believed that before the creation of the world, when there was darkness all around, Mother Durga created this egg i.e. the universe. That is why they are called Kushmanda. They are also named as Adishakti due to creation of the universe. He has eight arms and is riding on the lion. In seven hands, there is Chakra, Mace, Dhanush, Kamandal, Kalash, Baan and Kamal.

Archana should be worshiped for this Kushmanda form of Maa Durga with the following mantra -

Surasampurnakalsham, Rudhiraplutmev Ch.

Dadhana Hastapadambhyana, in Kushmanda Shubhadastu.

(That is, the bright mother Kushmanda, holding the Kalash filled with nectar and filled with lotus flower, may prove to be auspicious in all things).

The fifth form of Maa Durga is 'Maa Skandamata'

Maa Skandamata, the fifth form of Durgaji, is worshiped and worshiped on the fifth day of Navratri. Skanda is the name of Kartikeya, the second and conspirator (six-faced) son of Shiva and Parvati. Being Skanda's mother, she was named Skandamata. This form of the mother has four arms and she holds Skanda ie Kartikeya with the upper arm on her right side and the lower arm on the same side has a lotus flower in her hand. The upper arm on the left side has Varada Mudra and the other one below is the white lotus flower. Singh is his vehicle. Because it is the presiding goddess of the Sun, therefore, it looks like a sun-like supernatural glow around the sun.

This form of Skandamata should be worshiped with the following mantra-

Thronegata Nityam, Padmashritkardvaya.

Shubhadastu Sada Devi, Skandamata Yashaswini.

The sixth form of Maa Durga is 'Maa Katyayani'

Mother Katyayani, the sixth form of Durga, is worshiped and worshiped on the sixth day of Navratri. It is believed that the worshiper of them gets religion, artha, kama and moksha in these four purushartha chatushtis. Because she was born as a daughter of Maharishi Katyayan of Katya gotra, hence she got the name Katyayani. Their color is as bright as gold and has four arms. The top hand on the right side is in the abhaya mudra and the bottom hand is in the varna mudra. In the upper hand on the left hand side there is a sword i.e. a sword and in the lower hand is a lotus flower. His vehicle is also a lion. They are worshiped, archana and stavana with following mantra.

Chandrahasojjvalkara, Shardulwarvahana.

Katyayani Shubham Dadyat, Goddess Demon Struggle.

The Seventh form of Mother Durga,  'Maa Kalratri'

On the seventh day of Navratri, the seventh form of Durga is worshiped and worshiped for Mother Kalratri. His character is completely black like darkness. The hair is scattered and the garland seen on its neck is resplendent like lightning. He is said to be the destroyer of all the demonic forces. He has three eyes and four hands in which one has a sword, that is, a sword, the other has an iron weapon, the third hand is the Abhayamudra and the fourth hand is the Varmudra. His vehicle is a donkey. Maa Kalratri is worshiped, Archana and Stavana with following mantra.

Ekweni japakarna, complete Nagna Kharasthita.

Lambhoshthi Karnikakarni, TailabhyaktaSharirini.

Vamapadollsalloh, Latakantakbhushan.

Vardhanmurdhdhwaja Krishna, Kalratribhayankari.

The Eighth form of Mother Durga,  'Maa Mahagauri'

On the eighth day of Navratri, the eighth form of Durga is worshiped and worshiped for Mother Mahagauri. As it is clear from his name that his character is completely gaur ie white. Their clothes are also white in color and all the jewelery is also white. His vehicle is Taurus ie bull and has four hands. His upper right hand is in Abhayamudra and the lower hand has trident. The top hand on the left is Damru and the lower hand is in Vermudra. It is found that to get Lord Shiva in the form of husband, he had done hard penance for thousands of years, due to which his color turned black, but later Lord Mahadev revived his character with the water of Ganga and prayed to Maa Gauri. , Pooja and Stavana are performed with the following mantra.

Shwete Vrisa Samaruddha, Shwetambardhara Shuchi:.

Mahagauri Shubham Dadyat, Mahadevpramoddad.

The Ninth form of Mother Durga, Mother Siddhidatri

On the ninth day of Navratri, the ninth form of Durga is worshiped and worshiped for Mother Siddhadatri. As it is clear from his name that Goddess Siddhidatri is the Goddess who gives all kinds of accomplishments. He has four hands and sits on a lotus flower. By the way, his vehicle is also a lion. His right hand has a chakra in the lower hand and mace in the upper hand. There is a lotus flower in the left hand under the left hand and there is a conch in the upper hand. The ancient scriptures state the eight siddhis called Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Attainment, Prakamya, Ishita, and Vashitva. These eight siddhis can be attained by the worship and grace of Mother Siddhidatri. Hanuman Chalisa is also said to be the 'Donor of Ashtasiddhi Nav Nidhi'. Worship, Archana and Stava of Maa Siddhidatri