Cyclone Biparjoy / Improvement in technology and the approach of the government, this is how the devastation stopped in Gujarat

Zoom News : Jun 16, 2023, 06:04 PM
Cyclone Biparjoy: Cyclone Biparjoy is gradually weakening after hitting the Gujarat coast. According to sources in the Ministry of Home Affairs, behind this is the excellent disaster management policy of the central and state governments. Sources have told that the approach of the previous UPA government was to provide relief after the disaster, but the Modi government changed this approach. Today the outlook is of zero accident due to pre-disaster preparedness. Several improvements in technical implementation have made this possible.

Due to these efforts of the Central Government, there has been a reduction of about 98 percent in the loss of life and property due to cyclones. The Central Government extended all possible help to the citizens and teams regarding the preparations for Cyclone Biparjoy.

The government had already completed all the preparations

The Ministry of Home Affairs held a virtual discussion with Gujarat Chief Minister Bhupendra Patel on June 13 regarding the preparations for Cyclone Biparjoy. The Home Minister discussed about the preparations made by the state to deal with the cyclone and asked for all possible help from the Centre.

On Monday, PM Modi held a meeting with central and state ministries and agencies to deal with the situation arising after Biparjoy. Central and state agencies are on alert mode to prevent the damage caused by this storm. PM Modi spoke to Gujarat Chief Minister Bhupendra Patel on the phone yesterday also.

A total of more than 1 lakh people have been taken to temporary shelters in eight coastal districts of Gujarat. According to the release issued by the government…

About 34 thousand 300 people in Kutch district

10 thousand in Jamnagar

9 thousand 243 in Morbi

6,089 in Rajkot

5,035 in Devbhoomi Dwarka

4,604 in Junagadh

3,469 in Porbandar district

And in Gir Somnath district, 1,605 people have been taken to safer places.

With this, 15 teams of NDRF, 12 of SDRF (State Disaster Response Force), 115 of State Road and Building Department and 397 of State Electricity Department have been deployed in various coastal districts. Meanwhile, Defense Minister Rajnath Singh spoke to the three service chiefs on June 14 and reviewed the preparedness of the armed forces to deal with the effects of cyclone "Biparjoy".

Modi government also accelerated the distribution of disaster funds

From the year 2014-15 to 2022-23, 76 thousand crores were released under NDRF while 1 lakh 7 thousand crores were released for SDRF.

Compared to the UPA regime, in these 9 years from 2005-06 to 2013-14, 35 thousand 858 crore rupees were released from SDRF. While in these 9 years from 2014-15 to 2022-23, 1 lakh 7 thousand 940 crore rupees were released, which means there was an increase of 3 times.

During the UPA regime, 25 thousand 36 crore rupees were released from NDRF in these 9 years from 2005-06 to 2013-14, while in these 9 years from 2014-15 to 2022-23, 76 thousand 709 crore rupees were released i.e. 3 times. increased.

The Union Home Ministry constituted the National Disaster Mitigation Fund (NDMF) in February 2021. According to this…

Rs 13,693 crore has been allocated under NDMF and

Rs 32,031 crore has been allocated under the State Disaster Mitigation Fund (SDMF).

PM Modi launched National Disaster Management Plan

Horizontal and vertical integration between all the agencies and departments related to disaster management, their roles and responsibilities were also determined in a matrix format.

National Disaster Response Reserve (NDRR) was created with a revolving fund of Rs 250 crore to keep ready the inventory required to provide immediate relief.

Active availability of NDRF force: Deployed in 26 states under pre-deployment policy, NDRF teams are working as Regional Response Centers in 28 cities. Also formation of SDRF in all the states.

Proactively sending Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC)

Today, immediately after the natural calamity, without waiting for the memorandum of the State Government, the IMCT is being sent. In the last 4 years, 73 IMCT teams were sent to different states.

Aapda Mitra Yojana: It has been implemented in 350 multi-hazard disaster prone districts, with an aim to train more than 1 lakh youth volunteers. What will be the life insurance for all of them by the government? Aapda Mitra scheme was approved with a total outlay of Rs.369.41 crore.

Common Alerting Protocol (CAP): Home Minister Amit Shah launched the work of providing geo-based instant alerts through mobile phones regarding disasters in March 2021 with an outlay of Rs 354 crore.

Dial 112 Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) for disaster emergency with an outlay of Rs 41 crore.

Twenty new Doppler weather radars have been commissioned in the country during 2014-23, taking the total number to 37, which provide information on severe weather events occurring in the region and provide assistance to disaster management authorities.

Block-level weather forecast and agro-meteorological advisory service started in 2018 and covered the entire country in 2022.

Big success in disaster management due to these policies

Much success has been achieved by implementing a robust early warning and first responder system. Due to this, people are informed about the disaster in advance and they are taken to a safe place.

Due to these efforts of the Ministry of Home Affairs, there has been a reduction of about 98% in loss of life and property due to cyclones.

Similarly, significant reduction in heat wave related mortality has been achieved.

Got international cooperation

November 2016: PM Modi announced a 10-point agenda on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in New Delhi during the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.

February 2023: Three teams consisting of 151 NDRF personnel with all necessary equipment are sent to Turkey for search and rescue operations in the affected areas of Turkey devastated by the massive earthquake.

April 2015: When there was a devastating earthquake in Nepal, the Government of India reached there for help before the Government of Nepal. India had started 'Operation Maitri' to help him. This operation of India was completed after carrying out relief work in Nepal for about 40 days.

  • Modi government improved technology to prevent cyclone devastation
  • The Modi government has installed 22 Doppler weather radars.
  • The number of automatic weather systems has been increased from 675 to 808.
  • 200 Agro AWS systems have been installed. Before the year 2014, there was not a single such system.
  • India's first Earth System model was launched.
  • 13 new upper air observation systems have been installed.
  • 23 GPS based PB systems have been installed which was not there earlier.
  • The RVR system at the airport has been increased from 20 to 113.
  • The digital current weather system at the airport has also been increased from 29 to 69.
  • 6 Helicopter Weather Observation System has been installed.
  • 2 Jio Stationary Satellites have been launched.
  • The weather forecasting system has been made state of the art.