Manipur News / See what is the SoO agreement signed in Manipur? Violation means direct challenge to the central government

Zoom News : Jun 01, 2023, 01:49 PM
Manipur News: Home Minister Amit Shah is engaged in efforts to restore peace in Manipur. He held several meetings in two days. Many big announcements were also made. He said that the police will now combing the area. If anyone is found with weapons during this, strict action will be taken against them. CBI and judicial commission will investigate the violence. Judicial commission will be constituted. It will be headed by a retired High Court Justice. Shah gave relief to the victims. Assured the people of Kuki and Meitei communities that they would soon return to their homes. After the violence, people were sent to relief camps. Amit Shah mentioned the SoO agreement. Shah sternly said that action will be taken if this agreement is violated. What is this agreement after all?

After several announcements for peace in Manipur, Home Minister Shah has advised the people of Manipur not to violate the SoO. Shah said that the stand of the central government is clear. I also want to give a strong message to the Su group members that if this agreement is violated, it will be dealt with very strictly. Before understanding this, have a look at the history of Manipur. With this you will not face any problem in understanding the matter.

Understand Manipur before S0O

Manipur was not with India at the time of independence. It merged with India on 15 October 1949. Manipur was made a union territory in 1956. Manipur was declared a state in 1972. There were many separatist groups here, they were against this decision. He used to say that Manipur should not be merged. Firstly in 1964 the tribal faction United Nation Liberation Front (UNLF) was formed. After this many small tribal groups also stood up.

Tribal groups increasing in Manipur

All these groups started making their different demands to the government. Rebelled in these groups. Manipur started burning in the fire of violence. These groups started targeting government representatives. When action was taken by the government, they would have lost their lives. This went on. In 1980, Manipur was declared a disturbed area by the government and the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) was imposed here. Even after this the problem did not settle down. The confrontation went on increasing. The conflict increased due to the claim of their respective territories in the Kuki and Naga communities. The state government and the central government continued to make efforts for the peace of the state.

How to lay the foundation for the SoO agreement

In 2008, an agreement was reached between the government and the rebel groups. It is from here that the beginning of SoO (Suspension Of Operation) is considered. This agreement was signed on 22 August 2008. There are about 30 insurgent groups in Manipur. Out of which 25 groups have signed the agreement of the government. This agreement has been made between three people. First state government, second central government and third rebel group. Which was the Kuki community here. Which often used to demand Kuki Land, a separate state. Now they were placed under the Territorial Council (Kukiland Territorial Council). It was in this that the state government cannot impose every order on them. They also had economic rights. When it was made that when its duration was only one year but it was said that it can be extended considering the time and demand. It is being increased since then. JMC (Joint Monitoring Committee) was formed to monitor it.

What are the big things of SoO Group?

When its agreement was reached, representatives of the Central Government, State Government and 25 separatist groups were present there. In this, the first condition was kept that these are 25 groups of Kuki community, no army or police operation will be conducted against them. Instead, there are groups like KNO and UPF, they are independent but they will follow the law of India. Will obey the Constitution of India. One more thing was said in this pact that if someone wanted to separate from this group, then he could have separated after meeting the government. The government used to help in this. These groups will not do any kind of extortion or violence. Its militants will remain in one camp only. The weapons they have will be kept in double lock system. They will use those weapons only for the safety of their leader and the safety of their camp. These were some big things that were in this pact.

Manipur government's decision

In April this year, the Manipur government separated itself from the pact along with two factions. The names of these two groups are the Kuki National Army (KNA) and the Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA). The rest of the 23 groups still have pact money with them as it was in 2008. Therefore it is wrong to say that the government in Manipur has distanced itself from the CoO pact. The government has done this with only two groups. The reason given by the government is that both these groups were continuously violating the rules of the pact. Apart from this, even after the implementation of section 144, a protest march was taken out here. After this, there was also a clash with the police here.