'we two, our two' / India closer to this target, the total fertility rate came to 2 ... but now obesity is a new problem

Zoom News : May 07, 2022, 08:51 AM
India has now moved closer to the goal of 'Hum Do, Hamare Do' to control the population. We have been able to achieve this success after seven decades of family planning programme. However, obesity has emerged as a new problem. According to the fifth phase of the National Family Health Survey, the fertility rate (TFR) of the country has come down to 2. According to this, the number of offspring a woman gives birth to in her lifetime is called TFR.

The rate was 2.20 in the Family Health Survey 2018

To maintain the current population of a country, the TFR should be at the level of 2.10. This is called the replacement level.

These measures reduced this rate

  • 67% of people have access to contraceptive means
  • Last time the number was 54%.
  • However, still 9% of the households do not have this means.
Now the population will start decreasing

India's TFR at 2 means that it is below the replacement level, due to which the population will start declining.

According to 35% of men, the use of contraception is the work of women

There was a strange attitude of men regarding contraceptive means. In the survey, 35% of the men of the country said that the use of contraceptive means is the work of women. At the same time, 19.6% of men believe that using contraception can make women adulterous.

  • The survey covered 7.24 lakh women and 1.01 lakh men.
  • CHANDIGARH: 69% of men consider the use of contraceptive means as the work of women.
  • Kerala: 44.1% of men said contraceptive users women could be adulterers.
  • According to religion, this is the situation: 64.7% of Sikh men described the use of contraceptive means as the work of women. This number was 35.9 among Hindus and 31.9% among Muslims.
Economic status and contraception

  • The family planning needs of 11.4% of the families in the poor category are not met, in the upper category this figure was found to be 8.6 percent.
  • The use of modern contraceptives by women was also 50.7% in the low income group and 58.7% in the high income group.
  • 66.3 percent of working women use modern contraception. At the same time, this figure is only 53.4 percent among unemployed women.

Every fourth Indian fat

According to the data of the fifth phase of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), although there has been an improvement in every health parameter in India in the last four years, but in the same period obesity has increased rapidly due to bad eating habits and lack of exercise. . 4 years ago 21 percent of women were fat, but now 24 percent. Obese men have also increased from 19 to 23 percent. That is, one in every four women and men are victims of obesity.

  • There was an increased demand for women in decisions such as health care, household expenses and visits to relatives.
  • This is happening in 81% of households in cities and 77% of households in villages.
  • In Nagaland, Mizoram this number is 99 percent.
children with incomplete physical development decreased

Slow or incomplete stunting was found in 36 percent of children younger than 5 years, up from 38 percent last time. Such children were 37% in villages and 30% in cities. Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Sikkim have shown the highest improvement of 7%.

Increased institutional deliveries

89% of babies were born in the hospital. Earlier the figure was 79%. Institutional deliveries took place in 87 in rural areas and 94% in cities. In Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Chhattisgarh, Nagaland, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, 10 per cent institutional deliveries increased.

8.25 lakh people included in the survey

NFHS-5 is based on 6.37 lakh households in India. These families live in 707 districts of 28 states and 8 union territories. A total of 7,24,115 women and 1,01,839 men were interviewed for the survey.