Global food prices climbed in April to their highest level in almost 12 months and were driven up by the cost of meat and dairy items, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation's Food Price Index issued on Thursday.
The increase spanned covered all the food commodities except cereals, whose prices fell for the fourth month in a row amid large export availability and expectations for record global output in the coming year, said FAO.
The Food Price Index, which tracks monthly changes in the international prices of commonly-traded food commodities, averaged 170 points in April, up 1.5 per cent from March while still 2.3 per cent below its level one year ago.
The FAO Cereal Price Index dipped 2.8 per cent, led by wheat and maize - for which the production outlooks are positive - while rice quotations were broadly stable, according to FAO.
By contrast, the FAO Dairy Price Index rose 5.2 per cent from March, its fourth consecutive monthly increase, amid robust global import demand combined with supply concerns linked to dry weather in Oceania.
The FAO Meat Price Index increased by 3.0 per cent, led by a sharp jump in international price quotations of pig meat due to a surge in import demand in Asia - primarily in China, where the rapid spread of African Swine Fever has triggered a sharp fall in domestic production.
Bovine, poultry and ovine meat prices all firmed from March, FAO said.
The FAO Vegetable Oil Index also rose, by 0.9 per cent. Palm oil quotations rebounded somewhat due to rising global demand and inventory drawdowns in the major exporting countries, while soy oil prices notched up due primarily to robust domestic demand in the United States from both the biodiesel and food sectors.
The FAO Sugar Price Index rose 0.8 per cent, an increase largely driven by firmer crude oil prices, as higher energy prices encourage the use of sugarcane in Brazil to produce ethanol for local sale, the FAO said.
Early indications point to world cereal output hitting a new record of 2,722 million tonnes in this year, a rebound of 2.7 per cent from the previous year, according to the new Cereal Supply and Demand Brief, also released on Thursday by FAO.
World cereal utilization is also expected to reach a new high, rising by 1.5 per cent in the coming year. Global food consumption of cereals is projected to rise by 1.1 per cent, with that of rice increasing even faster, while the demand for coarse grains for animal feed and industrial uses is expected to be even stronger, FAO said.
Based on those forecasts, world cereal stocks will dip slightly 847 million tonnes, resulting in a small drop in the global cereal stock-to-use ratio to 30.1 percent, the UN agency said.
"International prices are likely to remain under pressure against a backdrop of overall comfortable supply and demand balances for nearly all the cereals, with trade prospects appearing positive especially for wheat and rice," the FAO said.