NFHS Survey / Still 19 percent of the families in the country do not have toilet facilities, know the condition of the states

Vikrant Shekhawat : May 12, 2022, 03:39 PM
In the latest survey of National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-5 conducted in 2019-21, a big thing has come to the fore regarding toilets. It is being told that even now 19 percent of the households in the country do not use any toilet facility. The survey figures are surprising because the government had declared India Open Defecation Free (ODF) in 2019 itself.

However, the report also said that the practice of open defecation has come down and it has come down from 39 per cent in 2015-16 to 19 per cent in 2019-21. Access to toilets is lowest in Bihar (62%), Jharkhand (70%) and Odisha (71%).

The NFHS-5 revealed that 69 per cent of households use an improved toilet facility, which is not shared with other households. At the same time, 8 percent of households use a facility that can be considered advanced if it is not shared with anyone else.

According to the report, 19 per cent of the households do not have any facilities, which means that the family members go for open defecation. It said that 83 households use toilet facilities. 69 per cent of Indian households use improved toilet facilities that are not shared with anyone and leave people at low risk of contracting cholera, typhoid and other diseases.

The survey found that 11 per cent of households living in cities use shared toilets, while seven per cent of households in villages do so. Regarding safe drinking water, it has been said in the report that 58 percent of the households do not treat the water before drinking. It said that water purification is less prevalent in rural areas than in cities. 66% of rural households do not treat drinking water. At the same time, 44 percent of urban households do not do this.

According to the NFHS, boiling water before drinking and filtering it with a cloth are the most common methods of purification. It said that almost all urban households (99 per cent) and rural households (95 per cent) have access to improved sources of drinking water.

The report also revealed that 41 percent of households in India use some kind of solid fuel for cooking, including wood or cow dung cakes. NFHS-5 was conducted between 2019 and 2021 on about 6.37 lakh sample households in 707 districts of 28 states and union territories. In this, 7,24,115 women and 1,01,839 men participated.