New Delhi / Navratri 2019: Know the auspicious time, Puja Vidhi, Kalash establishment and fasting rules

NDTV : Sep 29, 2019, 06:00 AM

Navaratri or Navratri means nine nights. Sharad Navratri is one of the major festivals of Hindus which is also known as Durga Puja. All nine forms of Maa Durga are worshiped during Navratri. The nine days of Navratri are considered extremely sacred. During this time, people worship the nine forms of the Goddess and ask for her blessings. It is believed that in these nine days, whoever worships Goddess Durga with true heart, fulfills all her wishes. This festival shows that no matter how big a lie and no matter how powerful a sin, victory in the end is the truth and religion. 

When is Sharadiya Navratri?

Sharadiya Navratri is considered to be the main Navratri. According to the Hindu calendar, this Navratri starts from Ashwin Shukla Paksha in the autumn and lasts for a full nine days. According to the Gregorian calendar, this festival falls every year in the month of September-October. This time Sharadiya Navaratri starts from 29 September till 07 October. Vijayadashami or Dussehra (Vijayadashami or Dussehra) will be celebrated on 08 October.

Dates of Sharadiya Navratri 

29 September 2019: First day of Navratri, Pratipada, Kalash Establishment, Chandra Darshan and Shailputri Pujan. 

30 September 2019: Second day of Navratri, Dwitiya, Bahmacharini worship.

01 October 2019: Third day of Navratri, Tritiya, Chandraghanta Pujan.

02 October 2019: Fourth day of Navratri, Chaturthi, Kushmanda worship.

03 October 2019: The fifth day of Navratri, Panchami, Skandmata Pujan.

04 October 2019: Sixth day of Navratri, Shashthi, Saraswati Pujan.

05 October 2019: Seventh day of Navratri, Saptami, Katyayani Pujan.

06 October 2019: Eighth day of Navratri, Ashtami, Kalratri Pujan, Kanya Puja.

07 October 2019: Ninth day of Navratri, Navami, Mahagauri Pujan, Kanya Pujan, Navami Havan, Navratri Paran

08 October 2019: Vijayadashami or Dussehra

Importance

of Navratri Navratri has special significance in Hinduism. Navratri falls twice a year, which are known as Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri. While the Hindu year begins with Chaitra Navratri, Shardiya Navratri symbolizes the victory of truth over religion and untruth over unrighteousness. This festival is a reflection of the fact that where mother's love is created. At the same time, the vicious form of the mother can also kill the wicked. There are different reasons for celebrating Navratri and Durga Puja. It is believed that Goddess Durga killed a demon named Mahishasura. Navadurga is worshiped in Navratri as a symbol of good over evil. At the same time, some people believe that in these nine days of the year, the Mother Goddess comes to her maternal home. In such a way, these nine days are celebrated as Durga Utsav.

How is the festival of Navratri celebrated?

The festival of Navratri is celebrated all over India. In North India, different forms of the Mother Goddess are worshiped for nine days. Devotees resolve to fast for the entire nine days. The Kalash is established on the first day and then the virgin girls are fed on the day of Ashtami or Navami. Ramlila is also staged in these nine days. At the same time, Durga Utsav is celebrated in West Bengal from the last four days of Navratri, that is, from Shasthi to Navami. Dandiya Raas and Garba dance are celebrated in Navratri in Gujarat and Maharashtra. During Navratri in Rajasthan, Rajputs also offer animal sacrifices to please their clan goddess. In Tamil Nadu, the footprints and statues of the goddess are installed in the house in the form of tableaux, known as Golu or Kolu. All the neighbors and relatives come to see this tableau. Ordnance worship is done on the day of Navami in Karnataka. 

Rules of Navaratri fast

If you are also keen to keep Navaratri fast then these rules should be followed. 

- On the first day of Navratri, establish a Kalash and resolve to fast for nine days.

- Worship the mother with full devotion. 

- You can take fruits and milk during the day. 

- Perform the aarti of the mother in the evening. 

- Distribute prasad to everyone and then accept it yourself. 

- Then take food. 

- If possible, do not eat food during this time, just consume fruit. 

- Provide food to nine girls on Ashtami or Navami day. Give them gifts and Dakshina. 

- If possible, observe fast on the day of Navami with havan.

Establishment of Kalash

Establishment of Kalash has special significance in Navratri. Kalash installation is also called Ghat installation. Navratri begins with the establishment of Ghat. Ghat installation is a call to the goddess of power. It is believed that Goddess Ma can become angry by setting up at a wrong time. It is prohibited to establish the night time and the day of Amavasya. The most auspicious time of Ghat installation is after one-third of Pratipada has passed. If due to some reason you cannot install the Kalash at that time, then you can also install it in Abhijeet Muhurta. The eighth Muhurta of each day is called Abhijeet Muhurta. Generally it is 40 minutes. However, Abhijeet Muhurta is not available for Ghat installation this time.

Date of establishment of Kalash and auspicious time for establishment of Kalash: September 29, 2019

Auspicious time for establishment of Kalash: On September 29, 2019, from 06.16am to 7.40pm. 

Total duration: 1 hour 24 minutes.

Urn content established 

mother Durga special love red so buy the seat of the red. Apart from this, earthenware, barley, soil, water-filled urn, molly, cardamom, clove, camphor, roli, whole betel nut, whole rice, coins, Ashok or mango leaves, coconut, chunri, vermilion , Fruit-flowers, flower garlands and makeup boxes are also needed.

How to install an urn?

- On the first day of Navratri, that is, bathe Pratipada in the morning.

- After cleaning the temple, first take the name of Ganesh ji and then burn unbroken flame in the name of Maa Durga. For   soil establishment, sow barley seeds by putting soil in earthenware. 

- Now make the swastika with a roll on a copper pot. Tie Molly to the top of the lotte. 

- Now fill water in this pot and add a few drops of Ganga water to it. Then put one and a half rupees, coach, betel nut,         perfume and Akshat in it.

- After this, put five leaves of Ashoka or Mango in the Kalash. 

- Now wrap a coconut with red cloth and tie it with molly. Then place the coconut on top of the urn. 

- Now place this urn in the middle of the earthen vessel in which you have sown barley.

 With the establishment of the Kalash, it is resolved to keep nine fasts of Navratri. 

 If you want, you can burn the monolith in the name of mother along with the establishment of the urn.